Wednesday, February 19, 2014

International Ocean Roundup III

We're a couple of days late with this.  The good news, is that the next one is just two days away.

Americas: 

Economic Threat of Pirate Fishing: Senators Stand up for Alaska Fishermen, Coastal Communities
United States – 12 February 2014 –sitenews.us
With the pirate fishing industry costing coastal Alaskan communities millions of dollars, U.S. Sens. Lisa Murkowski and Mark Begich stood up today for Alaska fishermen who play by the rules and coastal communities.

Mafia Frozen Fish Cocaine Connection Busted by FBI
United States – 11 February 2014 – International Business Times
US and Italian Mafia families planned to traffic drugs from South America to Europe hidden in shipments of pineapples and frozen fish in a criminal joint venture unveiled by police.

CG Assists Sinking Fishing Vessel, Saves Crew
United States – 11 February 2014 – Military.com
At 11:15 a.m., a Good Samaritan notified watchstanders at the Coast Guard Sector Honolulu Command Center that the 66-foot commercial fishing vessel Sea Moon was flooded and dead in the water with crewmembers using buckets to dewater the boat.

40 Dominican fishermen detained in Bahamas after boat stopped on suspicion of poaching
Bahamas – 9 February 2014 – Edmonton Journal
Forty Dominican fishermen have been taken into custody on suspicion of poaching in Bahamian waters. The islands' military said Sunday that one of its patrol boats detained a 70-foot (21-meter) fishing vessel off Andros Island, the largest and least populated island in the sprawling archipelago off Florida's east coast.

Overfishing concerns
Canada – 12 February 2014 – The Now News
Reports of rampant overfishing, a decreased federal fisheries presence and no requirement to record the catch - add it all up, and a perfect storm seems to be brewing off the waters of Belcarra. Fisheries and Oceans Canada confirmed Tuesday that crabbing remains one of the most significant problems in the area.

Toxins released by oil spills send fish hearts into cardiac arrest
United States – 13 February 2014 – LA Times
Scientists have cracked a cellular biology mystery underlying a harmful effect oil spills have on fish: irregular heartbeats that can lead to cardiac arrest. In studying the effects of the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill on bluefin tuna spawning in the Gulf of Mexico, the research team discovered that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or PAHs, block “signaling pathways” that allow potassium and calcium ions to flow in and out of cardiac cell membranes and sustain normal heart rates.

Tuna fattened in Ensenada reaches tables in Dubai
Mexico – 14 February 2014 – FIS.com
Baja California producers began sending Atlantic bluefin tuna reared in Ensenada to Dubai, United Arab Emirates, anounced the Undersecretary of Fisheries of Baja California, Matias Arjona Rydalch.

Asia-Pacific:

Fishing firms lied about catches
New Zealand – 10 February 2014 – Stuff New Zealand
South Korean fishing boats chasing toothfish in the Southern Ocean have been ordered out after New Zealand scientists discovered they were deliberately misreporting their catches. In 2012 the Korean ship Insung No 7 illegally took $600,000 worth of toothfish from the Southern Ocean and was fined only $1800 by its government.

Conference in Fiji prepares to introduce new shark protection laws
Fiji – 12 February 2014 – Radio Australia
Fisheries officials and non-goverment organisation's throughout the Pacific are in Fiji preparing to introduce historic new measures to preserve shark numbers.

12-year olds in Fiji’s second domestic human trafficking case
Fiji – February 2014 – Islands Business
Ongoing police investigation into a human trafficking racket in Fiji has uncovered the exploitation of two 12-year old girls who are allegedly being sold for sex.

Auckland fishing company convicted for fisheries offending
New Zealand – 10 February 2014 – Scoop.co.nz
An Auckland-based commercial fishing company and its Nelson based skipper were sentenced on Friday 7 February in the Wellington District Court for making false statements on fishing returns for the 2009/10 commercial fishing season and bottom trawling in a protected area.

Malaysia Wants Massive Expansion of Own Indian Ocean Fleet
Malaysia – 13 February 2014 – atuna.com
Malaysia has interests in massively expanding its own Indian Ocean tuna fleet. Its location near to these waters that are considered a tuna spawning ground, gives the country the potential to become an international tuna port.

Address key issues
Fiji – 8 February 2014 – The Fiji Times
LEGISLATION which exist to address key issues surrounding illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing globally are simply not being implemented well enough. This was one of problems highlighted by the keynote speaker at Friday night's lecture on responses to IUU fishing, Professor William Edeson.

TUNANOMICS workshop for journalists on tuna fisheries economics and challenges
Solomon Islands -13 February 2014 – Solomon Star News
Development of Sustainable Tuna fisheries in the Pacific ACP countries is vital if tuna market is to be maintained in the region.

Europe –MENA
EU fisheries subsidies contribute to 'oversized' fleet
Europe – 7 February 2014 – The Parliament
The agreement on fisheries subsidies improve the possibility of data collection, but hinder the process of improving Europe's declining fish stocks, writes Monica Verbeek.

New control centre discovers widespread illegal trawling
Malta – 12 February 2014 – Malta Today
Illegal trawling of fish may have been a commonplace activity before 2013: since the establishment of Malta's first-ever control room to monitor vessels inside the fisheries management zone, 21 cases of illegal fishing and trawling were reported last year.

EU Invests Heavily in Combatting IUU – But Is It Enough?
Europe – 10 February 2014 – atuna.com
Since 2010, around 230 controls to combat illegal fishing in EU Member States have been made by the European Union’s European Fisheries Control Agency (EFCA).

Overfishing leaves Turkish waters bare
Turkey – 11 February 2014 – IOL
“Balik ekmek! Balik ekmek!” (Fish bread! Fish bread!) yell the vendors tucked under Istanbul's Galata Bridge, dishing out fish sandwiches to hordes of hungry locals and tourists much as they have for decades. But frozen mackerel from Norway or imports from Morocco are more likely to fill the onion, lettuce and pickle stuffed buns than a fresh catch from the Bosphorus or Marmara Sea.

Fresh opportunities for EU fleet
European Union – 13 February 2014 – fishnewseu.com
THE European Parliament has today given its consent to a new €140 million, 4-year fisheries agreement with Morocco. The total cost of the new Protocol to the EU will be €30m a year, of which €16m compensates Morocco for access to the resource and €14m is directed towards supporting the fisheries sector in the country.

UAE acts to stop shark-finning in Middle East
UAE – 13 February 2014 – Gulf News
Seven Arab countries will mark an historic milestone on Monday when they sign an agreement in Dubai to protect migrating sharks in Middle East waters from illegal trade.

Africa:

Kenya: Two Vessels Denied Entry At Mombasa
Kenya – 13 February 2014 – All Africa
TWO Indonesian illegal fishing vessels were last week barred from Kenyan waters, authorities have said. Berkat Menjala no 23 and Samdera Pacific no 8 intended to dock at the Port of Mombasa for ship stores, bunkers and fresh water supply.

Navy Arrests Three Vessels for Illegal Oil Deals, Fishing
Nigeria – 8 February 2014 – This Day Live
As part of measures to rid the nation's waterways of all forms of illegalities, personnel of the Western Naval Command, Apapa, Lagos, have arrested three vessels for suspected illegal oil deals and fishing.

Navy discovers $1billion worth of heroin
Tanzania – 10 February 2014 -3aw.com
The Australian Navy has uncovered another massive haul of heroin off the coast of Africa. 191 kilograms of the drug has been discovered in a fishing vessel near Tanzania worth $380 million on the black market

Addressing holistically the issue of piracy in the horn of Africa
Somalia – 11 February 2014 – Somalia Current
The issue of piracy in the coast of Somalia began in 1990, when foreign vessels flocked to Somalia’s unguarded coast, profiting the marine resources and at times dumping radioactive chemical wastes as evidenced with the barrels of the 2004 Tsunami that surfaced on the northeastern coastal towns of Somalia. According to a report issued by the UN in 2006, Somalia loses annually more than “$300 million worth of seafood” for illegal fishery by foreign vessels. As a result, the country’s coast has become the hotbed for all illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) activities.

Access 34 EU Tuna Vessels To Mauritius EEZ
Mauritius – 12 February 2014 – Business Mega
The European Union Council of Ministers has ratified Protocol between the European Union and the Republic of Mauritius at its ECOFIN session. This is part of definitive endorsement of its fisheries sector Partnership Agreement. Singed in February 2012, the final decision has not been taken until now due to legal differences.

West Africa: "Say No to Fraudulent Fishing Companies", Says Greenpeace
West Africa – 6 February 2014 – All Africa
Greenpeace has today called on African governments to intensify their oversight over Dongwon Industries after it was charged with defrauding the U.S. government. The largest fishing company in South Korea was accused of making false statements in order to obtain U.S. vessel documentation and tuna fishing licenses for two Korean-owned and operated vessels in the South Pacific.

West Africa has vast marine wealth but it is being depleted by the world's highest levels of illegal fishing
West Africa – 5 February 2014 – Chatham House
Coastal waters West African waters have the highest levels of illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing in the world, up to half of the total catch.

Global:

35 pictures of the sharkfin trade that will shock and dismay you
Global – 7 February 2014- Mongabay.com
Last month scientists released a study warning that one quarter of all sharks and rays are threatened with extinction.

Satellite tracking identifies Atlantic Ocean risk zones for leatherback turtles
12 February 2014 – Phys.org
Researchers used data from satellite transmitters attached to the turtles to track their movements across the Atlantic Ocean. These movements were then overlapped with information on high pressure fishing areas to identify where the turtles are most susceptible to becoming entangled and where they may drown.

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